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Wednesday, April 29, 2020 | History

3 edition of influence of contextual variables on judgments of physical child abuse found in the catalog.

influence of contextual variables on judgments of physical child abuse

Julie Santangelo

influence of contextual variables on judgments of physical child abuse

  • 384 Want to read
  • 18 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Child abuse,
  • Battered child syndrome -- Diagnosis,
  • Discipline of children -- Psychological aspects

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Julie Santangelo.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvi, 57 leaves :
    Number of Pages57
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13624716M
    OCLC/WorldCa43048598


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influence of contextual variables on judgments of physical child abuse by Julie Santangelo Download PDF EPUB FB2

Physical and sexual abuse. The literature on the impact of major risk factors associated with maltreatment is reviewed in an attempt to better understand the potential contributions of these contextual variables on the development of psychopathology in physically and sexually abused children.

For over 30 years, clinicians have described the effects of child abuse and neglect on the physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral development of children. Physical consequences range from minor injuries to severe brain damage and even death. Child Abuse and Neglect: Forensic Issues in Evidence, Impact and Management provides an overview of all aspects of child abuse and neglect, approaching the topic.

from several viewpoints. First, child abuse is considered from both victimization and offending perspectives, and although empirical scholarship informs much of the content, there is applied material from international experts and practitioners in the field—from policing, to child.

Modeling judgments and decisions in cases of alleged child abuse and neglect Article (PDF Available) in Social work research & abstracts 29(2) June with 36 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Judgements of Social Care Professionals on Elder Abuse Referrals: A Factorial Survey factors specific to the abuse event while contextual factors did not significantly influence recognition or.

These surveys further explored whether social norms associated with child physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse differed by key sub-groups. Results indicate that the general public shares concern regarding the issue of child maltreatment yet lacks the knowledge on how to intervene on behalf of children and by: 1.

Context for local authority and judicial decision making 12 The evidence review 13 2. Defining and identifying abuse and neglect 15 Key points 15 Safeguarding children 15 Risk factors associated with child maltreatment 16 Protective Factors 19 Prevalence of abuse. Some studies of physical abuse, in particular, have found that teenage mothers tend to exhibit higher rates of child abuse than did older mothers.

Other factors, such as lower economic status, lack of social support, and high stress levels, may contribute to the link between adolescent mothers or young parents and child abuse.

BACKGROUND: Poor and minority children with injuries concerning for abuse are evaluated and diagnosed for abuse differentially.

We hypothesized that 2 steps in the decision-making process would influence evaluation and diagnosis: social intuition from meeting the family and objective social information associated with child abuse risk. METHODS: Between and32 child abuse Cited by: 7.

30 A Coordinated Response to Child Abuse and Neglect: The Foundation for Practice The Child Abuse and Father Absence Connection. • The rate of child abuse in single parent households is children per 1, which is nearly twice the rate of child abuse in two parent households ( children File Size: 1MB.

Substantiation decisions for physical abuse. The professional community has had long standing concerns about the lack of uniform or clear definitions regarding child physical abuse (Kellogg & the Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect, ).Specifically, difficulties may arise when differentiating between physical or corporal discipline of a child, a legal act which continues to be Cited by: V Codes (in the DSM-5 and ICD-9) and Z Codes (in the ICD), also known as Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention, addresses issues that are a focus of clinical attention or affect the diagnosis, course, prognosis, or treatment of a patient's mental r, these codes are not mental disorders.

It is often helpful to put a code in a patient's clinical. Most of her research interests have concentrated on clarifying factors that exacerbate parental risk for physical child abuse. She is particularly interested in potential cognitive processes that elevate the likelihood that a parent will transition from using physical discipline to.

of physical child abuse. Symposium participants also were asked to make two prepared statements, The first focused on the indicators used by their profession for recognizing physical abuse; that is, those factors that would lead members of that profession to identify and report an incident as child abuse.

Contributing factors to child abuse and neglect There is generally not a single factor that results in the abuse or neglect of a child; it is usually a combination of various factors.

In addition, the duration (such as the duration of an illness) or intensity (such as the level of drug or alcohol abuse) can make it more or less likely that a child will be at risk for abuse. Physical Child Abuse. Child physical abuse is defined by the World Health Organisation () as actions or inactions, which result in actual or potential physical harm, that are within the control of or preventable by the parent, carer, or authorised person (such as a school teacher).

From: Child Abuse and Neglect, Related terms. Physical development is the process by which a child’s body grows and acquires movement, including fine and gross motor skills.

Physical development provides children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them. Social-Emotional Development.

Social-Emotional development describes how children develop skills. Physical abuse often follows when physical punishment is the intent, form, and effect of discipline. Both physical punishment and physical abuse must be addressed and stopped. The phenomenon of child abuse and neglect has thus been moved away from the conception of an individual disorder or psychological disturbance, toward the conception of a symptom of an extreme disturbance of childrearing, often part of a context of other.

Culture plays a role in forming a child's identity, conversational style and memory. This has many implications for how to deal with children, from school to the judicial : Ching-Yu Huang.

The Child Abuse and Prevention Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect or child maltreatment as. Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.

Domestic violence could include violence between a husband and a wife, a girlfriend and boyfriend, or gay or lesbian partners. It could be violence between parents and children, adult children and elderly parents, or we could meet it between Cited by: 5.

It also describes four types of child maltreatment that include: physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. The focus then turns to the full range of influences of abuse on development, including the emotional, cognitive, academic, and social consequences in childhood and : David A.

Wolfe. The exact prevalence of child violence, abuse and neglect is unknown. Physical abuse, neglect, domestic violence involving young children, and related early childhood trauma in the homes are to a large extent invisible to the public eye. The available data do little to help us understand the scale and scope of the problem.

Factors that Influence Children’s Social and Emotional Development. family risk factors such as maternal depression or mental illness in the family, parental substance abuse, family violence, poverty, etc.

and 3) within-child risk factors such as a fussy temperament, developmental delay, and serious health issues. All of these factors. the various types of childhood maltreatment (neglect, physical abuse, psychological maltreatment/emotional abuse, sexual abuse, medical neglect, neglect and other types of maltreatment that do not match the previously listed categories).

In this report million abuse and/or neglect referrals were made on million children. These numbersAuthor: Sarah E Wright. Knowing what early help interventions are effective when there are early signs of child abuse and neglect.

Knowing what interventions are effective in helping children and young people to recover following child abuse and neglect, and to support families in which there has been child abuse.

Teens must make moral judgments on a daily basis. When children are younger, their family, culture, and religion greatly influence their moral decision-making. However, during the early adolescent period, peers have a much greater influence.

Peer pressure can exert a powerful influence because friends play a more significant role in teens. Resources that explore the relationship between culture and child maltreatment, including how child abuse and neglect is viewed in different cultures and how child welfare workers can respond.

Female genital cutting. State and local examples. Cultural Healing Practices That Mimic Child Abuse. (opens in new window) (PDF - 1, KB). From Abused Child to Serial Killer: Investigating Nature vs Nurture in Methods of Murder behavior is attributable to genetic influences.

1 In his book, the type of abuse received as a Author: Nicola Davies, Phd. Objective: Child welfare agencies have moved toward standardized risk assessment measures to improve the reliability with which child‘s risk of abuse is predicted. Nevertheless, these tools require a degree of subjective judgment.

Research to date has not substantially investigated the influence of specific context and worker characteristics. Child Protection protects children and young people from harm caused by abuse or neglect within the family.

A report to Child Protection is appropriate when the risk of harm to children is significant. Child First or The Orange Door may be able to help families having difficulties.

A referral to Child FIRST or The Orange Door is appropriate if. Essay Physical Abuse And Child Abuse. them because they want to gain control over them. Child maltreatment mostly known as child abuse, is when a parent or caregiver, whether through action or failing to act, causes injury, death, emotional harm or risk of serious harm to a child (Goldman ).

any form of physical, mental, or sexual abuse inflicted by one child in a family upon another (most common form of family violence).

munchausen syndrome by proxy is defined as a psychiatric disorder, whereby individuals intentionally produce physical symptoms of illness in their children. 8 Elder Abuse Context and Theory: Finland, Ireland, Italy and Romania This book explores the topic of elder abuse from the perspective of four countries, Finland, Ireland, Italy and Romania.

The book represents one of a number of resources being developed as part of an Erasmus Plus funded project called Socio-Drama Tackling Ageism, Preventing AbuseFile Size: 1MB. Violence against children takes the forms of physical and emotional abuse, neglect and sexual abuse.

The authors report on how widespread the problem is in Australia, and discuss the causes and effects of child abuse. They also review what has been accomplished in dealing with the problem and what more can be done in the future.

This report includes an extract from the United Nations. Physical abuse has been characterized by “the infliction of physical injury as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning, shaking, or otherwise harming a child” (Nat’l.

Teacher training programs, in general, have failed to include information on child abuse (McIntyre, ) or cultural differences (Garcia, ; McIntyre, ). If concerned about one's observations, but unsure of whether the evidence is indicative of abuse, the educator (or. Contributing factors such as alcohol and other drugs: The person who commits a violent act is responsible, however, alcohol and other drugs reduce inhibitions and cloud judgment.

Some studies indicate some perpetrators are more likely to commit sexual assault when they are under the influence of alcohol or another substance. responsible for providing its own definitions of child abuse and neglect.

19 However, most states recognize four major types of maltreatment: neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. 20 Many states define abuse in terms of harm or threatened harm, while other standards.

Factors That Influence Sexual Abuse Effects Miraculously, not all children or youth molestation victims display signs that something is wrong. Between 21% and 36% of sexually abused children will display few or no symptoms (Oates, O'Toole, Lynch, Stern & Cooney, 1).

Child abuse and neglect are costing countries in East Asia and the Pacific an estimated $ billion a year, equivalent to 2 percent of the region’s GDP, researchers said on Tuesday in the region’s first study of the economic impact of abuse.

Child abuse affects victims’ education, long-term physical and mental health and work performance.consequences, various aspects of a child’s development are affected by the abuse.

One particular pathway that has received limited research is the effects of abuse on a child’s moral development, a domain where the child gains the ability to take into consideration a person’s well-being and use fairness when conflicts emerge (Smetana, ).